Using the Horolovar guide to determine the correct suspension spring for a 400 day clock

A couple of years ago my daughter gave me a Horolovar guide as a Christmas gift. The Horolovar guide is indispensable when working with 400-day clocks. This is not a manual one opens up regularly but when working on 400-day or anniversary clocks, as they are often called, it is an absolute necessity.

Horolovar 400 Day Clock Repair Guide
Horolovar 400 Day Clock Repair Guide

The guide was last published in June of 1991 and I doubt much has changed since then because I know of no mechanical anniversary clocks that are still in production today.

My daughter was in the process of moving across the country. She was unaware of the locking mechanism for the 400-day clock she received as a gift some years ago. Upon unpacking the clock she discovered that the suspension spring had snapped. A snapped suspension spring is not something that can be reused but it can be easily replaced.

400-day clocks require very specific suspension springs, ones specially designed for each of the many dozens of manufacturers in the past 100 years. Install a suspension spring with an incorrect thickness and length and you are asking for trouble. The correct spring in the make and model of clock will ensure a smooth running anniversary clock that will run for many years. These clocks run so slowly at 8 beats per minute that is is rare to have severe pivot wear issues.

Horolovar templates
Horolovar templates

So, back to the clock in question. It is a Kundo anniversary clock made in the 1950s. According to the Horolovar guide, it is model 1371. Model 1371 tells me that the thickness of the suspension spring is .081 mm or .0032″. I have worked on similar models in the past and had some spare Horolovar suspension springs of that size.

Kundo 400-day clock, made in West Germany

This basically a one-hour job. There are two blocks, a bottom, and a top. Making sure the spring is not bent during the process, unscrew the blocks, and those little screws can be stubborn to move, then insert the suspension spring and tighten the screws. Once the blocks are secure, the manual shows where to anchor the suspension fork.

suspension spring installed on a Kern
suspension spring installed on a Kern

Install the assembly onto the clock by attaching the top block with a screw that threads into a hole and hooking the bottom block onto the pendulum but your work is not finished.

Now comes adjusting the beat and regulating the clock. There is a bracket above the suspension spring assembly that can be turned (it is a friction fit) in either direction to correct the beat. I set the beat by ear and eye but there is a beat setting tool that can be purchased from a clock supplier if you plan to work on a lot of these. In any event, a beat amplifier is an absolute must.

Most 400 day clocks run at 8 beats per minute. Mine is a little fast at 9 beats per minute but that can be corrected using the dial type speed regulator located at the top of the four weights. That may not sound like much but compounded over several months the clock can be fast by a number of hours.

Can you install a new suspension spring without the Horolovar guide? Yes, but you would have to ask around to determine the suspension spring thickness and use the old assembly as a template. But, just buy the guide! It takes all the guesswork away.

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